Gladys McHugh, 1898 – 1984

The Human Eye in Anatomical Transparency

Photo by Shelley Wall

Gladys McHugh was a 1927 graduate of the Johns Hopkins program who went on to be an illustrator at the University of Chicago. When she agreed to work on this interesting book of anatomical transparencies with ophthalmology professor Peter Kronfeld in 1943, she performed her own dissections on human cadavers, pigs and monkeys.

The illustrations were printed on clear acetate pages, so that with each turn of the page, the dissection goes deeper, thereby creating a dimensional anatomical whole. The process was a patented method called ‘Trans-vision’, and a second title, The Human Ear in Anatomical Transparencies, was published in 1946. By 1958, Eye had gone through five editions.