2019 AMI Online Salon

Surgical techniques for atlantoaxial fusion

Project Details

  • Company/Institution: University of Illinois at Chicago
  • Entrant Name: Isabel Romero Calvo
  • Membership Type: Student Submission
  • Other Contributors:
  • Address: Chicago, IL
  • Client: Department of Neurosurgery at Rush University Medical Center
  • Medium/software used: Watercolor/ Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Photoshop
  • Final presentation format: Review article illustrations
  • Primary Audience: Medical students, surgical residents and neurosurgeons

Project Description

These illustrations were designed for a review article about surgical techniques for atlantoaxial fusion. These views of the Axis are part of complete series which accurately describe the historical evolution of fixation techniques for the cervical vertebrae C1 and C2. The left image illustrates the C2 pedicle screw technique, the insertion of a C2 lateral mass screw via the posterior arch. The right illustration elucidates the C2 posterior arch crossing screw technique. One challenge was to merge two different types of media utilized to indicate organic material versus hardware. The bone was created using traditional watercolors and the instrumentation with digital media (Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator). To merge these distinct styles, highlights and shadows resulting from interactions between the bone and the hardware were added digitally. These illustrations, based on careful research and observation, provide an accurate representation of these historically important techniques.